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Illustrations from an
Atlantic Bible, south French, late 11th century
Prologue to Jerimiah, Ms. Edili 125-126, f212r
A detail of the King and his guard (portrayed as a late 11th century soldier)
Next: "Soldiers of Holofernes", Atlantic Bible, south French, late 11th century, Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Ms. Edili 125-126, f42v
Italia centrale (Toscana), sec. XII in.
For terms in italics see Terminology in Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350 - Western Europe and the Crusader States - David Nicolle
Dimensions: 570 × 398mm
Source: BML, Firenze
Referenced on p153, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, Western Europe and the Crusader States by David Nicolle.
288A-I The Atlantic Bible, southern France, late 11th century
(Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Ms. Edili 125-126, Florence, Italy)
A - Expulsion of Moses' mother, f.27r; B - C - Soldiers of Holofernes, f.42v; D - f.212r; E - Expulsion of Moses' mother, f.27r; F - f.99r; G - f.88v; H-I - f.99r
Simple maces or clubs are illustrated twice in this manuscript (D and E).
Otherwise the military equipment is straightforward, consisting of spears, kite-shaped shields, and short-sleeved, short-hemmed mail hauberks.
One such hauberk has slightly longer sleeves (G) while others lack coifs (A, B, H and I).
None are shown with ventails across the face or hanging unlaced on the chest.
These hauberks do, in fact, seem to be of a simpler, earlier form than those illustrated in other late 11th-century southern French sources.
But the helmets are of basically the same variety as seen in various carvings.
These include round forms with rims but no nasals (C, F, H and I), slightly-pointed forms with rims but no nasals (H-I),
and tall conical types with integral nasals (A and B).
See also French Soldiers in Saint Aubin defends Guérande, France, end of the 11th century
Bible of Saint Stephen Harding, France, c.1110AD
11th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers