Rolandslied, folio 41v
Rolandslied, folio 41v
Song of Roland, Regensburg, Germany, late 12th-century

Note the face mask on the helmet to the right.

Cod. Pal. germ. 112
Pfaffe Konrad: Rolandslied
Pergament · 123 Bll. · 21 × 15 · Regensburg/Hessen-Thüringen (?) · Ende 12. Jh.

Priest Konrad: Song of Roland
Parchment · 123 ll. · 21 x 15 · Regensburg / Hessen-Thuringia (?) · Late 12th century.
Source: Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Referenced on p176, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, Western Europe and the Crusader States by David Nicolle
441A-E Das Rolandslied des Pfaffen Konrad, Franconia, 1170
(University Library, Codex Palatinus Germanicus 112, Heidelberg, Germany)

The spare and linear style of drawing seen in certain 12th-century German manuscripts means that some assumptions have to be made when interpreting their arms and armour. No surface pattern is given to the mail but these figures must certainly wear long-sleeved mail hauberks with (E) or without (B and C) mittens. They have integral mail coifs drawn across the lower part of their faces under tall, domed helmets with substantial nasals. The shields are extremely large kite-shaped types. The two visible swords have tapering blades and either almond (C) or flattened nut-shaped (E) pommels.

Other 12th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers